TMS is a non-invasive method of brain stimulation that relies on electromagnetic induction using an insulated coil placed over the scalp. The coil generates brief magnetic pulses, which pass easily and painlessly through the skull and into the brain. The pulses generated are of the same type and strength as those generated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines. When these pulses are administered in rapid succession, it is referred to as “repetitive TMS “ or “rTMS”, which can produce longer lasting changes in brain activity. rTMS focused over the front part of the brain has been shown to be a safe and well-tolerated procedure that can be an effective treatment for patients with depression who have not benefited from antidepressant medications or cannot tolerate antidepressant medications due to side-effects.
Dr. Reti is an Associate Professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience and Director of The Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Service at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. He also founded The Brain Stimulation Program 4 years ago which has an active preclinical and clinical research program as well as offering specialty consultation and treatment with brain stimulation treatment modalities including TMS. The NIH-funded lab Dr. Reti directs investigates aspects of synaptic plasticity related to brain stimulation treatment modalities.
Apart from his work in TMS, ongoing projects include: